Niccolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli
Born May 3, 1469 he was the first son born in his immediate family. He had two older sisters. His father was Bernardo di Niccolo Machiavelli and his mother was Bartolomea di Stefano Nelli.
Machiavelli learned grammar, rhetoric, and Latin. Surprisingly enough he may not have been taught Greek.
In June of 1498 Machiavelli, 29, was elected as the Head of Second Chancery. In July of that same year he was made secretary of the Dieci di Liberta e Pace.
1499 - 1512
Machiavelli carried out diplomatic missions to the following;
- The court of Louis XII
- The court of Ferdinand II
- The Papacy in Rome.
In the years 1502 and 1503 he witnessed the brutality of the methods of Cesare Borgia and Pope Alexander VI (Rodrigo Borgia). Both who were trying to bring a large amount of Central Italy to the Papal States and under their control.
Machiavelli was responsible for the Militia in Florence between 1503 and 1506. While under his command he chose a politically invested citizen-militia. Which was proven to be a fantastic idea; his citizen-militia defeated Pisa in 1509.
In 1512 in August the Medic jumped into battle using Spanish troops. The Spanish troops successfully defeated the Florentines, thus the Medici’s were able to enter back into Florence.
They stripped Niccolo of his office in 1512 and in 1513 they imprisoned him under the accusation of conspiracy. Niccolo denied and involvement even while being tortured “with the rope”. Eventually he was released.
Niccolo retired to his home in Sant’Andrea in Percussina. At that time he was completely devoted to his writings and studies. Though he had a strong passion for politics he actually wrote a couple of plays;
- The Mandrake
Machiavelli died in 1527 when he was 58. He was buried at the Church of Santa Croce.